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We are creating a brand name in every part of the national market by offering Flocculants Chemical. It is used in water treatment with coagulation to destabilize particles through chemical reaction between coagulant and colloids. To comply with set safety norms, we use finest quality compounds to process this chemical. Flocculants Chemical is used in effluent water treatment processes for solids removal, water clarification, lime softening, sludge thickening and solids dewatering. We offer this chemical at market leading prices to clients.
Flocculation, in the field of Chemistry, is a process wherein colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake; either spontaneously or due to the addition of a Clarifying agent. The action differs from precipitation in that, prior to flocculation, colloids are merely suspended in a liquid and not actually dissolved in a Solution. In the flocculated system, there is no formation of a cake, since all the flocs are in the suspension.
Coagulation and flocculation are important processes in water treatment with coagulation to destabilize particles through chemical reaction between coagulant and colloids, and flocculation to transport the destabilized particles that will cause collisions with floc.Applications
In Colloid chemistry, flocculation refers to the process by which fine particulates are caused to clump together into a floc. The floc may then float to the top of the liquid (creaming), settle to the bottom of the liquid (sedimentation), or be readily filtered from the liquid. Flocculation behavior of soil colloids is closely related to freshwater quality. High dispersibility of soil colloids not only directly causes turbidity of the surrounding water but it also induces Eutrophication due to the adsorption of nutritional substances in rivers and lakes.
For emulsions, flocculation describes clustering of individual dispersed droplets together, whereby the individual droplets do not lose their identity.Flocculation is thus the initial step leading to further aging of the emulsion (droplet coalescence and the ultimate separation of the phases).(1993) Flocculation is used in mineral dressing
In Civil engineering, and in the Earth sciences, flocculation is a condition in which clays, polymers or other small charged particles become attached and form a fragile Structure, a floc. In dispersed Clay slurries, flocculation occurs after mechanical agitation ceases and the dispersed clay platelets spontaneously form flocs because of attractions between negative face charges and positive edge charges.
Flocculation is an important process in many different fields of science and biology is not an exception. In Biotechnology applications flocculation is used in conjunction with Microfiltration to improve the efficiency of biological feeds.
In the Dairy industry flocculation is widely employed to measure the progress of Curd formation while in the initial stages of making many cheeses to determine how long the curds must set. The reaction involving the Rennet micelles are modeled by Smoluchowski kinetics. During the renneting of milk the micelles can approach one another and flocculate, a process that involves Hydrolysis of molecules and macropeptides.
Designing a water treatment plant is a very important and complex process. It requires consideration of a number of factors, such as the water chemistry, operating components, filter media and/or membrane systems. A typical water treatment plant is shown in Figure 1 and consists of grates, coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, granular filtration and disinfection as the most important processes in water treatment.
Flocculation and sedimentation are widely employed in the purification of Drinking water as well as sewage treatment, storm-water treatment and treatment of other industrial wastewater streams.